Glossary

Find definitions of words and concepts

39 acts of prohibited work- Acts that are prohibited to do on Shabbat, see Kitzur Shulchan and ask a Rabbi for more information.

13 attributes of mercy- Exodus/Shemot 34:6–7 13 attributes we say in certain prayers to sweeten judgements.

A”B- The Name Havaya expanded with Yods with gematria 72. Associated with the world of Atzilut and the Chaya level of soul. יוד הי ויו הי

Abba- Literally means father, it is the partzuf of the Sefirah Chochma.

ABYA- Referring to the worlds of Atziult, Beriyah, Yetzirah, and Asiyah.

Acharonim- The Jewish sages and poskim (halachic authorities) that lived since the writing of the Shulchan Aruch in the 16th century.

Adam Kadmon- The world of the Primordial Man, the highest world, a reflection of the Ohr Ain Sof, the Infinite Light of Hashem.

Adam the first man- The first man created by Hashem, explained in Genesis/Bereshit.

Adonut/ADNY- Divine name we pronounce in prayers and scripture instead of saying Havaya, which we never pronounce. Literally means Master of All.

Amen- Hebrew word sharing the same root as Emuna (faith). We answer to blessings and certain prayers with it meaning we that we have faith what was said was true.

Amidah- Literally meaning standing, it is another name for the main part of the prayers, the Shmonei Esrei.

Amot- Sometimes translated as cubit, a unit of measurement, around an arm’s length, four amot is around 7 feet.

Am Yisrael- Nation of Israel.

Ana B’Koach (please by the power)- A prayer written by Sage/Kabbalist Rabbi Nehunia ben Hakanna. It has 7 verses, each with 6 words, the first letters of each word together make divine names.

Ari Z”L- Rabbi Yitzchak Luria Ashkenazi, one of the greatest Kabbalists. Ari Z”L is an acronym for The godly Rabbi Yitzchak of blessed memory.

Aron Hakodesh- The Holy Ark, referring to wear the Torah is kept.

Arvit- The evening prayer. Some call it Ma’ariv.

Asiyah- The world of action, the lowest of the worlds, the world we are in.

Ashkenazi- Referring to the Jewish diaspora (Jews in exile) population that started in Europe and developed their own traditions of how to keep Torah around the end of the first millennium.

At”Bash- Code that changes the letter in the alphabet with the one the equal amount of spaces away, for example the first and the last, the second and second to last, etc.

Atika Kadisha- Literally the holy ancient one, it is a partzuf of Keter.

Atzilut- The world of Emanation, the fourth highest world.

Ayn Sof- Literally without end, the Infinite Being, referring to God.

BaG”H (bina gevura hod) of Rochel- Rachel- The lower part of the Partzuf of malchut\ nukvah (feminine). Leah- The high part of the Partzuf of malchut\ nukvah (feminine).

Bedtime Shema- Along with the Shema, there is a whole order of different things to say that protects us in our sleep, and does much more than that. Only men say this.

Beit Din/four deaths- Beit Din means House of Judgement. It is the rabbinical court. When we had the Beit Hamikdash, the Beit Din Hagadol (Great House of Judgment) would make the final decisions and could carry out death sentences. The four types of death sentences, stoning, burning, beheading, and hanging, corresponding to different letters in Hashem’s Divine Names and to A”B, S”G, M”H, B”N, and when we meditate on accepting these types of death carried out by the Beit Din Hagadol in Jeruselum for the sanctification of Hashem, it does tikkun, elevation, and much more for our soul and the world.

Beit Hamikdash- The temple, may it be rebuilt soon.

Beit Knesset- Synagogue.

Ben- Son.

Ben Ish Chai- Rabbi Yosef Chaim of Bhagdad, Master of Halacha and Kabbalah.

Beriyah- The world of Creation, the third highest world.

Beracha- Blessing.

Besemim- Spices

Bimah- Where we lay the Torah to read from it.

Bina- Sefirah of Understanding.

Bircat Hamotzi/Bircat Hamazon. Blessing over bread and After blessing for bread.

Bircat Ha-Ilanot- Blessing of the trees. The time of Birkat Ha-Ilanot is in the month of Nissan, as this month is inclined to elevate the sparks of holiness more than all the other months. The scrupulous are prompt to bless on Rosh Chodesh, even though it is accepted to bless them the entire month of Nissan. If Rosh Chodesh falls out on Shabbat, we do not bless then, but rather on Sunday. It is good to say the blessing with ten people, so that Kaddish may be said. There must be two trees, even if they are of one species.  There are those that are particular that there should be two species, but this does not defer the blessing. There must be flowers in the trees, and if they all fell one does not bless. It is better to go outside the city for this blessing, but if he can not, it is permitted to recite the blessing in the city.

Brit Mila- Circumcision

B”N- The Name Havaya expanded as יוד הה וו הה with gematria 52. It is associated with the world of Asiyah and the Nefesh level of soul.

Chachma- Sefirah of Wisdom

Chachamim- Wise ones, Sages.

Chag- Holiday

Challah- On Shabbat if 1556 grams of flour are used then make a blessing and separate a piece, this is the challah, or dough offering. It has deep spiritual secrets, and it is one of the three main mitzvot of Jewish women and has a great effect on the mind and heart of the one who fulfills it, on her household, and on her home.

Chatzot- midday or midnight. It is used here to refer to midnight, chatzot lyla, an auspicious time for prayer and Torah study.

Chasid- Someone who goes above and beyond the letter of the law.

Chatan- Groom at a wedding.

Chaya- Fourth level of the soul, very high and lofty, associated with the world of Atzilut.

Chazal- is an acronym for “Ḥachameinu Zichram Livracha,” our wise ones may their memory be a blessing, refers to all Jewish sages of the Mishna, Tosefta and Talmud eras, from the times of the final 300 years of the Second Temple of Jerusalem until the 6th century CE, or 250 BCE – 625 CE.

Chazzan- Leader of the congregation.

Chesed- The sefirah of Kindness.

Chida– One of the mekubalim from the time of the Rashash

Chol Hamoed- The days of the week between the 2 Yom Tov days of Passover and Sukkot.

Cohen- Priest, descendants of Aaron HaCohen.

Da’at- Quasi-Sefirah of Knowledge.

Din- Judgment.

Eiruv- A series of strings and poles that makes a neighborhood or city into a private domain that people can carry objects in on Shabbat.

Eliyahu Hanavi- Elijah the Prophet.

Eretz (Yisrael)- Land of Israel

Erev (Shabbat)- From Halachic noon Friday until sunset.

Expansion of Divine Names- Havaya, AHYH, Elokim, and other divine names when spelled out with different letters have different powers that are associated with different concepts that have effects when meditated upon.

Extra levels of Soul on Shabbat- On Shabbat we receive extra levels of soul that sharpen our senses to help us enjoy Shabbat more, and help us understand Hashem, His Torah, and the secrets of it even deeper, and much more.

Ezov- hyssop

Fast Days- The fast of Gedaliah on the third of Tishrei, Yom Kippur on the tenth of Tishrei, Asarah B’Tevet on the tenth of Tevet, The fast of Esther on the 13th of Adar, Shivah Asar B’Tammuz on the 17th of Tammuz, Tisha B’Av on the ninth of Av.

Gehenom- Hell, where souls are purified.

Gematria- System of number values for Hebrew letters. Words that have the same number value can have relation with each other.

Gevurah- Sefirah of Strength

Gilgul- Reincarnation

Hadassim/Hadass- Myrtle

Halacha- Jewish Law

Hallel- Psalms of praise we sing at certain times, such as Rosh Chodesh and Holidays.

Half Shekel before Purim- Before Purim night we should give the equivalent of 10 grams of pure silver for the “half shekel.” The custom is to set aside these coins for charity on the fast of Esther. There are those who say that one must set aside coins for the “half shekel” also for his children from the age of thirteen and onward. There are those who are strict to give on behalf of small children and women too.

There is a custom to give for the half shekel three coins of half of the currency of the local place (Mishnah Berurah).

Hashgacha pratit- Divine providence, everything is from Hashem.

Hashkava- A prayer for a person that passed away said on their Yahrzeit or close to it.

Hashem- Literally means “the Name,” referring to the divine name of God the tetragrammaton YHVH we do not pronounce.

Havaya- Referring to the divine name of God the tetragrammaton YHVH we do not pronounce.

Havdalah- Blessing over the wine, spices, candle flame, separating between the holy Shabbat and the mundane week.

Hevel- Son of Adam the first man, Able in English.

Hilula – {also known as yohrtzeit}  The anniversary of the day of a righteous persons death. The Arizal [Rabbi Yitzchak Luria] said that every day, on the hilula of the tzadik, his soul reaches a higher level. Therefore, it is very good to visit the grave on the day of the hilula. Death is only relevant to the body since the soul is eternal, especially the soul of a tzadik which doesn’t belong in Gehinnom, or in the Purgatory of the grave [Kaf Hakela], etc. Death is not a cessation, but rather the ascent to a higher level. Therefore he is not dead, as it is written in the Zohar (Igrot Kodesh, part 3, page 458). (Taken from mytzadik.com)

Hod- Sefirah of Splendor

Imma- Literally means mother, it is the partzuf of Bina

Kabbalah/kabbalists- Kabbalah means receiving, because we are receiving the secrets from Hashem. Kabbalists are Jews who study the kabbalah and live by its teachings.

Kabballat Shabbat- Receiving Shabbat.

Kaddish- A series of praises to Hashem that is said if there are at least ten Jews present during prayers or after learning, it has deep kabbalistic secrets, mourner’s kaddish is said for an immediate family member that died within the past year.

Kaf HaChayim- Rabbi Yaakov Chaim Sofer, kabbalist and student of the Ben Ish Chai.

Kallah- Bride at a wedding.

Kavanah/kavanot- Intentions/mediations. Having deeper understanding when we are praying or doing a mitzvah of what we are doing, and being totally present while doing it.

Kavod- Honor/glory.

Kedusha- Holiness, Sanctity.

Keter- The Sefirah of the Crown.

Keter Shem Tov- Ancient book of Kabbalah.

Ketoret- Incense sacrifice in the Temple.

Kever – Grave. See also Hilula

Kezayit- Like an olive, a measurement for a minimum amount of food necessary to eat to make an after blessing, around 28 grams, although it can go by volume, consult your Rabbi for more information.

Kiddush- Prayers and blessings of a cup of wine/grape juice that fulfills the mitzvah of sanctifying the day of Shabbat.

Kiddushin- Ceremony of blessings over wine at a Jewish wedding.

King David- King of Israel, his story is in the Tanach in the book of Samuel.

Kisei/kisei Kavod- Throne of Glory in the world of Beriyah.

Kitzur Shulchan Aruch- Kitzur means shortened version. Shulchan Aruch means set table, it is the code of Jewish Law written by Rabbi Yosef Caro in Tzfat.

Klal Yisroel- The nation of the Jewish people. If there is a custom of klal Yisrael, it is something generally accepted by the Jewish people.

Kli- Vessel.

Klipah Nogah- Glowing klipa, the place of the mix of good and evil, where we do the work of separating the sparks of holiness from the klipot.

 Klipot- Husks/shells, referring to evil entities from the sitra achra, other side of holiness, the dark side.

Kodesh Kodashim- The Holy of Holies, the room in the Temple where the Holy Ark was kept.

Kosher- Can refer to food that is allowed to be eaten by Jewish Law, or to anything that is permitted by Jewish Law. For example, a kosher hair trimmer is one that Rabbis have agreed on that it doesn’t break the law of shaving the beard.

Kriat Shema- There is a mitzvah to read the Shema in the morning and at night, and this refers to that mitzvah and the times that we are able to do so.

Lechem Hapanim- Literally the face bread, it is the showbread in the temple.

Levels of inanimate, plant, animal, speaking- These are the four different levels of consciousness for living souls. Inanimate can refer to things like stones. Plants are the next level, then animals, and then humans which are the speaking level, the highest level of consciousness.

Luz Bone- A bone in the base of the skull that is what we will be resurrected from the dead from.

Maftir- The last person called to the Torah that also reads the Haftarah, the selection from the prophets read after reading the Torah.

M”H- The Name Havaya expanded with Alefs with gematria 45. It is associated with the world of Yetzirah and the Ruach level of the soul. יוד הא ואו הא

Malchut- The Sefirah of Kingdom

Mashiach- Messiah

Mayim Acharonim- The final waters, which feeds the klipot a bit to stop their accusation, and does much more.

Mayim Nukvin (Ma”N)- Feminine waters, the elevation of the light that comes out of the feminine side for the purpose of unification.

Mazel- Fortune

Megillah- A scroll, usually referring to Megllat Esther, the Scroll of Esther in the Tanach, the story of Purim.

Mekubalim- Hebrew for Kabbalists.

Melava Malka- It was revealed to King David that he would die on Shabbat, so every Shabbat he would learn Torah the whole time since this protects someone from death. After Shabbat he would have a feast to celebrate that he didn’t die. We have this meal right after Shabbat to commemorate this. The Kaf HaChayim said that the Luz bone, which is at the base of the skull and from which we will be resurrected from, is nourished only from this meal. It brings blessings of health, wealth, and shefa (spiritual sustenance) the following week. It is best to have bread with special foods made just for this meal, but if you can’t, then at least have a cup of grape juice, wine, tea, coffee, or a piece of cake or fruit with the intention that it is your Melava Malka. The Ari Z”L said that the extra soul doesn’t leave completely until after Melava Malka, so it is good to refrain from work or changing from Shabbat clothes until after it. He also said that immediately after Havdalah, wash hands for the bread of Melava Malka and begin the meal, it is best not to delay.

Merkava- Chariot/vehicle, referring to a special deep kabbalistic meditation.

Meshulashim- Hadassim (myrtle) (meshulashim- each point should have 3 leaves growing from it).

Metatron- An angel, we do not say his name out loud, we can say Matat when referring to him.

Mezuzah- Literally meaning doorpost, it is referring to the scroll with scripture that we are commanded to put on doorposts and gates.

Moach/Mochin- Minds, Concisousness, it is used to refer to different things in the Kabbalah.

Mohel- Someone performing a circumcision.

Midrash- Commentary on the Torah from the oral tradition.

Mikvah- A gathering of water that is considered by halacha to remove spiritual impurity, consult a Rabbi for more information of what makes a mikvah kosher.

Mincha- Afternoon prayer.

Minyan- Gathering of ten Jewish men over the age of 13.

Mishkan- The portable tabernacle that was used until the Temple was built.

Mishna Berurah- Book of Jewish Law.

Mishna- The first time the Talmud, the oral Torah, was written down.

Mishpat- Judgment/Law/Justice

Mitzvah/Mitzvot- Commandments/Laws the Jewish people are required to adhere to.

Mizbeach- Alter

Mizmor- Song/psalm.

Musaf- Second prayer in the morning on Shabbat, Rosh Chodesh, and certain holidays.

Nefesh- The first and lowest level of the five levels of soul, associated with the life force of the body.

Nekuda/Nekudot- Literally points, referring to vowels.

Neviim- Prophets.

Neshama- Third level of the five levels of soul, associated with the mind/thoughts.

Nesira- Separating between the masculine and feminine sefirot that are back to back in order to get them to face each other in order to allow them to unify. For more information about this process see the introduction in the Rosh Hashana siddur.

Netzach- Sefirah of Victory.

Niddah- State of impurity when a woman has had her monthly cycle and hasn’t had the minimum number of clean days or gone to the mikvah yet.

Nifilat Apayim- Prayers of repentance.

Niftar- Died/someone who is dead.

Nukvah- Feminine, partzuf of malchut

Ohr-Makif- Surrounding Light

Olam Haba- World-To-Come.

Original Vessels in the World of Tohu- Original Sefirot made by Hashem that took all the light he was giving without sharing it, more and more until they shattered.

Parsha/Parshiot- Weekly sections the Torah is split up into.

Partzuf- Personification, the Sefirot interacting performing processes in creation.

Pasuk- Verse.

Pesach- Passover, holiday on 15th of Nissan

Peter Chamor-

Peyot- Side locks, from the beginning of the hair at the temple until the beginning of the ear. It is a mitzvah not to cut the peyot too short, enough must be left to fold it back on itself and touch its root, but kabbalistically it is best to leave them long enough to touch the beard.

Pgam Habrit- Blemishing the covenant, sexual sins.

Pitum Haketoret- A prayer of a series of different verses of scripture, and meditations of divine names from the Ari Z”L in Shar Kavanot and organized by the Rashash.

Piyut of yigdal- Poem that some Sephardim sing after prayers, according to the Ari Z”L it is not correct and it is better not to say it.

Plag HaMincha- 10 and ¾ halachic hours after sunrise, the earliest we can take in Shabbat.

Purim- Holiday on the 14th of Adar and 15th if in an ancient walled city like Jeruselum, celebrating the miracle of when the Jewish people were saved.

Rabbi Chaim Vital- Main student of the Ari Z”L and recorder of his teachings.

Rabbi Shlomo Alkabetz- A kabbalist in Tzfat during the times of the Ari Z”L, author of the song “Lecha Dodi.”

Rachamim- Mercy.

Rashash- Rabbi Shalom Sharabi, kabbalist that organized the kavanot of the Arizal into siddurim, and his siddurim are foundational for those doing kavanot, like the shulchan aruch for those learning Halacha.

Reshut Harabim- Domain of the many. The state of the original vessels made by Hashem in the world of Tohu (Chaos), in a state of seperateness, not sharing the light they were receiving from God. So it built up and they exploded. This resulted in the World of the Klipot (husks/shells/evil spiritual forces), the source of all evil, whose root is seperateness.

Reshut Hayachid- Domain of unity. The way the sefirot function now is in a state of sharing and giving in partzufim, giving to each other and ultimately to Malchut.

Resurrection of the Dead- Once the creation is fixed, and our souls are rectified, and our bodies have been rectified by being buried for a certain amount of time, our bodies will be resurrected and our souls will go back in them to live in The-World-To-Come.

Revi’it- Minimum amount of liquid that one needs to drink in order to make certain blessings. It is about 5.3 ounces, but there are different opinions of how much it is.

Rokei’och- Rabbi Elazar Migarmiza, early kabbalist that lived in Europe and was murdered by the Crusaders, and was famous for his book the Rokei’och.

Rosh Chodesh- The beginning of a month in the Hebrew calendar.

Roshei Tevot- The beginning letters of words.

Ruach- The second level of soul, associated with our emotions.

Ruach HaKodesh- The Holy Spirit.

S”G- The Name Havaya expanded with gematria 63. Associated with the world of Beriyah and the Neshama level of soul. יוד הי ואו הי

Sacred Apple Orchard- Referring to the Shechinah.

Sage- refers to all the Jewish righteous Rabbis of the Mishna, Tosefta and Talmud eras, from the times of the final 300 years of the Second Temple of Jerusalem until the 6th century CE, or 250 BCE – 625 CE.

Sanctuary of the Etzem Hashamayim- Heichal (room) of the Sefirah of Hod.

Sandak- The one who holds the baby while a circumcision is performed.

Satan- Literally meaning adversary in Hebrew, it is referring to the main angel from the Sitra Achra, the other side of holiness, the dark side.

Segulah- Something that can change the mazel (fortune) of a person.

Sefer- Book

Sefer Yetzirah- Book of Formation, earliest book of kabbalah attributed to Avraham Avinu.

Sefirah/Sefirot- The ten powers/lights/attributes that Hashem governs creation with.

Seperations of Tithes- All land crops grown in the Land of Israel that are owned by Jews must have terumot and maaserot seperated. Any cultivation of land that is doubtful if contributions and tithes were separated from them or not, is considered demai, and one must make the seperations and tithes without a blessing. If he is certain that they were not separated from and tithes were not separated, he does so and recites the blessing, meaning that before he separates, he should say the blessing and then separate and then recite the text of the separation. If it is the first, second, fourth, or fifth year of the shmitah cycle, maaser sheni needs to be separated, another blessing made, and it needs to be redeemed off a coin. Consult a Rabbi to learn the laws of this. If it is the third or sixth year, maaser ani needs to be taken, the appropriate statement should be made.

Sephardic/Sepharadim- The Jewish population in exile who came from the Iberian Peninsula. They established communities throughout areas of modern Spain and Portugal, and spread out after the inquisition.

Seuda- A festive meal.

Seven Chambers- See introduction of the siddur in the section of the Holy Palace. When it is referring to the chambers that open on Shabbat, it is the same thing but on a higher level.

Seven Heavens-

Shabbat- The seventh day of the week, Saturday, Hashem made the world in six days and rested on the seventh and sanctified it, and he commanded the Jewish people to rest on the seventh day and sanctify it.

Shabbat Queen- This is referring to the Shechina. Shabbat is associated with the Sefirah of Malchut, which is also associated with the Shechina.

Shabbat Shekalim- Shabbat of shekels, read in preparation for Purim, requests each adult male Jew contribute half of a Biblical shekel for the upkeep of the Tent of Meeting. The Torah portion Exodus 30:11-16 is read. We give three half shekels in commemoration of this, which has a deep spiritual effect, there are varying customs to this.

Shabbat Shuva- The Shabbat during the 10 days of repentance between Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur.

Shacharit- The morning prayer.

Sha’ar Kavanot- Gate of Intentions/Meditations from the Writings of the Ari Z”L.

Shamor- Guard, we commanded to guard and remember (zachor) the Shabbat.

Shatz- (Shliach Tzibur)- Leader of the Congregation.

Shechinah- The divine, feminine presence of Hashem. It is often referred to as Malchut of Atzilut.

Shefa- Spiritual sustenance.

Shema- It means hear, referring to passages from the Torah Jewish men are commanded to say in the morning and night, and are written on mezuzot and tefillin.

Shehakol- Meaning “that everything,” referring to the blessing shehakol nihiya bidvaro, “that everything came into being with His speech.”

Shevatim- Tribes, the 12 tribes of Israel.

Shir HaShirim- Song of Songs in the Tanach, written by King Solomon.

Shira- Song

Shmonei Esrei- Meaning 18, also called the Amidah (standing), it is the main part of the prayers.

Shovavim- A Hebrew acronym for the parshiot of “Shemot”, “Va’era”, “Bo”, “B’Shallach”, “Yitro” and “Mishpatim”. Shovavim means “mischief-makers.” This word appears in Jeremiah 3:22, which begins: “Return o’ mischief makers” (שׁוּבוּ בָּנִים שׁוֹבָבִים). During a Jewish leap-year this period is extended to an eight-week period called “Shovavim Tat”, derived by adding the next two portions, “Terumah” and “Tetzaveh”, to the list. The period in which these portions are read typically falls around Tevet-Shevat in the Hebrew Calendar (corresponding to January–February). Shovavim is a season when the Kabbalists teach that it is auspicious to repent for sins (“mischief”), especially for sexually-related transgressions. During these weeks, it is customary to be more careful not to violate any of the sexually-related transgressions commanded in the Torah. Some have the customs of studying laws relating to such transgressions, fasting and giving extra tzedakah during this time, and of reciting Selichot and other tikkunim (fixings) designed to counteract their harmful effects. On the Shabbats when these weekly portions of the Torah are read, some take upon themselves to refrain from speaking, except words of prayer and Torah. This type of fast is called a ta’anit dibbur (תענית דבור).

Simcha- Joy, Joyful event.

Sitra Achra– Other side, the other side of holiness, the dark side.

Sod/Sodot- Secret/s

Succot- Holiday on the 15th of Tishrei, it is the holiday of booths/tabernacles/shelters.

Sukkah- A shelter.

Supernal bride- Referring to the Shechina.

Tachanun- Supplications of repentance in prayers.

Tallit (Katan/Gadol)- Garment with four corners, typically made of wool, made for tzitzit. The tallit katan (small) is worn as an under shirt all day, the tallit gadol (big) is typically worn only during morning prayers.

Talmud- The oral Torah.

Tamid Offerings- Sacrifices that we always brought to the Temple.

Tanach- Referring to the 24 books of written scripture, the Torah (five books of Moses), navi’im (prophets), and cotvim (writings).

Targum- Translation, often referring to the Aramaic translation of the Torah by Onkolos.

Techelet- Sky blue, the dye is made from the blood of the sea creature Chalizon.

Tefila- Prayer.

Tehilim- Songs of Praise written by King David.

Ten Days of Repentance– The days between Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur.

Tetragrammaton- Referring to the four letter name of Hashem Havaya YHVH.

Teshuva- Repentance, literally returning, returning to the way of Hashem.

Tevilah- An immersion in a mikvah.

Tiferet- Sefirah of Harmony/beauty.

Tikkun- Fixing.

Tikkun Chatzot- An order of prayers to be said from chatzot to daw

Tzitzit- Strings Jewish men are commanded to tie to four cornered garments that are worn during the day. Consult the Kitzur Shulchan Aruch and a Rabbi for the details of the laws.

Tractate Shabbat/Mishna- A section of the Talmud dealing with laws of Shabbat.

Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil- The tree Adam and Eve were commanded not to eat from discussed in Genesis in the Torah.

Tumah- Spiritual Impurity.

Tzadik/Tzaddikim- A Righteous person, referring to someone who keeps Hashem’s commandments perfectly and has subdued their evil inclination.

Viduy- confessions of sins.

World-To-Come- The state of the world after everything is fixed, a world of bliss, perfection, complete truth, with no suffering.

Ya’avitz- Rav Yakov Ben Hacham Tzvi a great kabbalist Rabbi.

Yam Suf- The Sea of Reeds, where the miracle of the splitting of the sea occurred.

Yechida- The fifth and highest level of the soul that is one with Hashem, associated with the world of Adam Kadmon.

Yehudim- Meditations that unify the Sefirot and upper worlds.

Yeshiva beit el- Torah Learning Center The House of God, a kabbalistic Yeshiva in the old city of Jeruselum.

Yesod- The Sefirah of Foundation.

Yetzirah- The world of Formation, the second world.

Yohrtzeit – see Hilula 

Yom Tov- Literally “good day,” it refers to holidays.

Zachor- Remember, we are commanded to remember and guard (shamor) Shabbat.

זהריאל  (Zehariel)- Name of an angel, the garment of Hashem. It is good to meditate on this name as you put on Shabbat clothes.

Zeir Anpin (Z”A)- Literally “short face,” it is the partzuf of the Sefirot Chesed through Yesod.

Zimun- When at least three Jewish men eat bread together, they say certain blessings before Bircat Hamazon.

Zivug- Pairing, coupling, unifying.

Zohar- Book of Radiance, the main book of Kabbalah written by Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochai.